Hockey sticks, like skates, are considered to be one of the most important and personal pieces of equipment for players. Although you may only have the puck on your stick for a few seconds at a time during a game, you want to make them count! With a stick there are a lot of variables like the company that makes it, the make and model, the weight, materials, height, flex, curve, lie and flex points. All of these aspects of a hockey stick will rely a little on your playing style, weight, height and position and a little bit on personal preference. Let’s start off with the different types of hockey sticks
Choosing the Right Hockey Stick
Before you can choose the right hockey stick, it’s important you know what kind of sticks are even out there. You also need to know how to pick the best one for your size, build, and playing style. Sticks are a unique piece of equipment because a player could ultimately be using the wrong style and size stick, literally for years, without even knowing it. Some aspects of sticks are up to player preference, but there are also fundamental guidelines you can follow to ensure you have the best stick for performance on the ice.
Hockey sticks can be separated into three subcategories:
- Composite sticks
- Wood sticks
- Two-piece shaft and blade combos
Types of Hockey Sticks
Composite Hockey Sticks
Composite sticks are what most NHL players use today. Usually made from woven carbon fiber and fiberglass blends, they’re them incredibly lightweight making them a consistent, high-performing stick.
PROS: Composite sticks come in a wide range of price points with varying degrees of performance and features as their price gets higher.
CONS: Simply put, the biggest disadvantage to a composite stick is the lack of durability. While some sticks are better-built to increase durability, they still pale in comparison to how long a wooden stick will last you.
Wood Hockey Sticks
Wood sticks are largely thought of as “old school” these days, mostly due to the technological advances seen in the hockey industry – but they’re still around and are actually a great choice for certain players’ styles.
PROS: While it’s true that wooden sticks have been rendered all but obsolete in the world of the NHL, they’re still very much alive to many players who grew up on them. They’re well-regarded for their “feel” of the puck, long-lasting durability, and very cheap price.
CONS: A big con to the wooden stick, however, is the overwhelming weight. A wooden stick can weigh 2 – 3 times more than some of the composite sticks out there today. Another concern is performance, which can become inconsistent over time. The more a wooden stick is used, the more its performance will decline.
Two-Piece Hockey Sticks
If you go the two-piece route, it means you’ll have to purchase two separate items – a blade and a shaft.
In terms of the materials used to make them, the shaft on a two-piece stick is just like what’s on their one-piece counterparts. Shafts are made with a blend of carbon fiber and fiberglass, which results in yet another lightweight product. As for your blade selection, you have the option of either a composite or wooden blade.
PROS: There are two major benefits to a two-piece stick. The first is the excellent performance provided (though still not quite as good as a one-piece). The second is the potential savings in cost.
On a two-piece, if you break the blade, you simply pull it out of the shaft and replace it with a new one. The same concept goes for a broken shaft. This way, you’re only spending a small amount of money to replace a broken piece, rather than having to buy a whole new stick.
CONS: Two-piece sticks can (and generally will) loosen over time and hours of play.
PRO TIP: One thing to note is that shafts come with different tapers:
When purchasing either type of shaft, be sure the blade you purchase is the same type, otherwise they will not fuse together.
Which Type of Stick is Right for You?
Many aspects come into play when you’re trying to find the right stick – it’s more than just getting the right size and fit. It’s clear there are pros and cons to each style of stick out there – you just need to decide which is the best for your style of play and at the price point you want. A player’s weight, height, playing style, and even the position they play can all be factors.
Hockey Stick Length
You won’t be playing your best if you don’t have the right length stick. And while it depends somewhat on the position you play, determining how long your stick should be is actually very easy. Stand with your skates on and hold your stick in front of you. Your stick should be anywhere from 1 to 2 inches below or above your chin. Keep in mind that shorter sticks may be great for puck handling, but might not have a powerful shot. Long sticks give you reach and could even help you develop a commanding slap shot with minimal effort.
|Age Group||Height||Stick Length|
|Youth (3-5)||3'0" - 3'10"||38" - 44"|
|Youth (6-8)||3'10" - 4'8"||45" - 49"|
|Junior (7-13)||4'4" - 5'1"||50" - 54"|
|Intermediate (11-14)||4'11" - 5'4"||55" - 58"|
|Intermediate (12-14)||5'2" - 5'8"||55" - 58"|
|Senior (14+)||5'5" - 5'10"||57" - 61"|
|Senior (14+)||5'7" - 6'1"||58 - 62"|
|Senior (14+)||5'10" - 6'4"||60" - 63"|
|Senior (14+)||6'1" +||60" - 63"|
Hockey Stick Flex
Stick flex measures how flexible or stiff a stick is when force is applied. Since the flex rating indicates how many pounds of force it takes to flex the stick one inch, you should know that some sticks are significantly easier to bend than others.
Proper stick flex can increase overall shot velocity since flex has what you can think of as a slingshot effect. There is no “right or wrong” flex – it varies among players. so you'll want to try out different options. The higher the flex number, the stiffer, or less bend a stick will have. Conversely, the smaller the flex number, the more bend and softer a stick will be.
Not sure where to start? Using a sizing chart is a good idea.
Hockey Stick Flex Chart
|Senior||75 - 120|
|Intermediate||55 - 70|
|Junior||40 - 50|
|Youth||20 - 35|
Hockey Stick Length and Flex Sizing Chart
|Age Group||Height||Weight||Recommended Shaft Flex||Stick Length|
|Youth (3-5)||3'0" - 3'10"||60 - 65 lbs.||35 Flex||38" - 44"|
|Youth (6-8)||50 - 80 lbs.||40/45 Flex||3'10" - 4'8"||45" - 49"|
|Junior (7-13)||70 - 110 lbs.||50/55 Flex||4'4" - 5'1"||50" - 54"|
|Intermediate (11-14)||95 - 125 lbs.||60 Flex||4'11" - 5'4"||55" - 58"|
|Intermediate (12-14)||100 - 140 lbs.||65/70 Flex (Light Flex)||5'2" - 5'8"||55" - 58"|
|Senior (14+)||125 - 175 lbs.||75/80 Flex (Mid Flex)||5'5" - 5'10"||57" - 61"|
|Senior (14+)||150 - 200 lbs.||85/90/95 Flex (Regular Flex)||5'7" - 6'1"||58 - 62"|
|Senior (14+)||180 - 235 lbs.||100/105 Flex (Stiff Flex)||5'10" - 6'4"||60" - 63"|
|Senior (14+)||210 lbs. +||110/115 Flex (X-Stiff Flex)||6'1" +||60" - 63"|
There are many things to look at when you’re determining your stick length and flex. Your height, weight, and age can all help you decide on the best stick.
The dimensions of the shaft and the overall height of the stick get longer and larger with each size. Youth sticks are the shortest and thinnest, and senior sticks are the longest and thickest.
Picking a Blade Pattern/Curve
What kind of pattern do you like? Toe, mid, heel? Are you the type to pick corners in tight? Or do you like to blast absolute rockets from the point? If you’re new to hockey, this may all sound like gibberish, but we’re here to help you figure it all out.
Years ago, it was easy for players to choose a blade pattern…because they didn’t have a choice! Sticks were all straight blades up until the 1960s, when Stan Mikita and Bobby Hull popularized the curved blade. Today, curves are available in so many different shapes and sizes, it can be overwhelming for inexperienced players to make sense of it all.
Let’s start with what makes a blade curve. Curves are shaped and differentiated by three factors:
- Curve Type
- Curve Depth
- Face Angle
Types of Blade Patterns
Blade patterns generally come in anywhere from 6 – 10 different styles for each manufacturer. While named differently, often different brands will have very similar (if not totally identical) patterns. That said, while they may be quite similar across brands, it’s also true that many brands have patterns that are unique. It’s worth the time and effort to experiment with different blade patterns – you may be pleasantly surprised with the results, maybe in that your shooting becomes much more precise, or in that your puck handling suddenly improves.
With a toe curve, most of the curve is in the top 1/3 of the blade.
Just like you may be thinking, the mid curve blade has a prominent curve in the middle of the blade.
With a heel curve, the curve is most obvious in the last 1/3 of the blade.
Curve depth relates to the depth or shallowness of the degree of the curve type. There are three depths to each of the three curve types:
The deep depth creates a larger “pocket” where the puck can sit, and the slighter depth has a smoother, gradual curve without an aggressive angle.
Curve openness refers to the face angle of the blade and how much loft it creates. The face angle has three types of loft: closed, slight, and open. If you look straight down at the closed blade, you can see the face, or front side, of the blade. But when you look straight down at the open blade face, you can see how the front is much more visible, almost as if the blade has been twisted – the result is more loft, and the more loft a blade has, the easier it is to lift or elevate the puck.
Determining Hockey Stick Lie
The lie of a hockey stick is how the blade is angled in relation to the shaft of the stick. While playing, it’s important that the bottom of the blade lies flat on the surface in correlation to your height and skating style.
- A higher lie is great for taller players or players who skate more upright.
- A low lie is perfect for shorter players or players who skate low and forward-pitched.
Most patterns have a pre-determined lie, but how do you know what lie is best for you? Usually, your height with your skates on can help determine this.
It’s surprising how often lie goes unnoticed by players, because so many blade patterns come available in one lie. BUT, lie is something you can adjust before you buy a stick. And keep in mind, some patterns offer multiple lie options.
PRO TIP: The easiest way to identify if the stick lie you’re using is appropriate is to examine the wear of the tape on your blade.
- If the tape is wearing closer to the heel of the blade, you should consider using a lie that’s more upright or higher.
- If the tape is wearing closer to the toe of the blade, you may want to consider using a lie that’s flatter or lower.
Hockey Stick Kick Point
The kick point of a hockey stick is a huge selling point for composite sticks. Kick point is most associated with flex and the style of play you want to bring to the ice.
The kick point of a stick can be defined as the area where the stick will flex the most. There are three types of kick points, and each caters to a different type of player. The different kick points are: low-kick, mid-kick, and customized kick.
A low-kick is made for the player who relishes a lightning-quick release. Mainly for quick wrist shots and snap shots, this kick compresses and loads in the tapered area of the stick. It’s meant to get the puck to the net as fast as possible, usually when you’re within a close vicinity.
Mid-kick points are made for the power player, the type of shooter who loves to unleash hard slap shots and fully-loaded wrist shots. This type of kick compresses and bends mostly in the middle of the shaft. It offers full-powered shots for players shooting from greater lengths.
A customized kick point is the last type. Not all brands offer this kick point. A customized kick point is engineered to flex wherever you place your bottom hand. Customized kick point sticks are great to optimize a full-loading stick and unleash powerful shots from any location of the rink.
Left-handed or Right-handed Hockey Stick?
For beginner skaters, deciding which handed stick you need might prove a little more difficult than you may first think. If you already know which way you shoot, you probably automatically wander that way to whichever you use when you walk over to a stick rack.
However, if you don’t know, the easiest way to figure it out is to actually pick up a baseball bat. Which way do you naturally swing? Keep in mind, there’s no right or wrong choice when it comes to playing hockey. The most important aspect is that you feel comfortable. When in doubt, if you’re undecided, just go with the option that feels the most comfortable and natural to you.
It’s interesting to look at the lopsided ratio of left-handed to right-handed shooters in the NHL. Left-handed players crush the number of right-handed players in the NHL today by a ratio of nearly 70 to 30, but why?
Determining whether you need a left handed or right handed hockey stick when purchasing a new one can be confusing. The left or right hand designation comes from which hand is closest to the blade of the stick. For example, if your left hand is the lower one when comfortably holding the stick, that means you are a left-handed player. Conversely, if your right hand is lower, you will want a right-handed stick. The most important thing to focus on is how comfortable or natural a stick feels in the hands. Try stickhandling with a puck or tennis ball and see which hands feels more natural. *Note: your dominant writing hand does not always determine hockey stick handedness.
It may sound confusing, but it makes sense when you think about the aspect of control. If your right hand controls the top of the stick, think about how much easier it would be to hold and control the rest of the stick. And vice versa if you’re a dominate lefty. Being able to control your stick is obviously unbelievably important when you’re on the ice. And this is the simple reason why we see so many professional players shooting left handed – because about 90% of the world’s population is dominate righties!
It’s worth mentioning again that playing with a left- or right-handed stick is first and foremost based off comfort. If you’re a dominant right-handed person and you feel better holding a right-handed stick, then go with that stick and give it a try. There’s no right or wrong when determining how to shoot. For most players, it will feel natural when they hold the stick, and then they know…so try both out and see which is the most comfortable.
Hockey Stick Shaft Finish
Most sticks come with two different finishes to the shaft, either grip or clear (non-grip). The purpose of adding a grip coating to the shaft is to optimize the amount of control a player has over the stick with their bottom hand.
You’ve probably noticed that at some point, your bottom hand might shift up and down the stick while you’re stick handling. With a non-grip finish, sliding your hands over the shaft is effortless. But the downside to not having a grip is if you don’t have a tight enough handle on the stick while shooting, your hand can slip and reduce the amount of power generated from your shot.
The opposite is true for a stick with grip – the grip coating may be too tacky, ultimately inhibiting your ability to slide your hands up and down the shaft. The benefit, however, is the extra grip you get when you go to shoot, which essentially locks your bottom hand in place and efficiently generates full power on your shots.
Each manufacturer has their own type of grip and non-grip finishes that differ from other brands. Once again, it really comes down to preference. So when you start looking for your next stick, be sure to check out the finishes and understand how each one can benefit (or hinder) your game.
Determine Your Price Range
A great way to determine your price point is to start by figuring out how much you want to spend on a stick. Every brand has a multitude of price points, and just like any other product, you’ll find a range in quality as the price gets higher. By determining an approximate price you’re willing to spend up front, you’ll narrow your choices down to a simpler decision based on a smaller selection.