Why do you need Elbow Pads for Hockey?
The main purpose of elbow pads is to protect your elbows from impacts with the boards and ice, but they can also help protect your forearms and lower biceps from slashes. When you fall backwards or sideways it’s quite common to land on your elbows. This is especially true for beginners, who are more likely to flail their arms back to try to catch their balance. For this reason, elbow pads can be a great idea not just for hockey, but also for all on-ice activities including pond hockey, lessons, and public skating.
The most common brands are:
- Bauer (Supreme, Vapor, Nexus)
- CCM (JetSpeed, QuickLite, Tacks)
- Easton (Now owned by Bauer – Stealth, Synergy, Pro)
- Warrior (Alpha, Dynasty)
Other companies like STX, Graf, Powertek, Tron, DR, Sher-Wood, etc. also make elbow pads. Graf is going out of business in North America, while brands like Tron and Powertek are entry-level “budget brands.” Sher-wood is best known for its retro style, all-foam elbow pads, but also makes some good modern ones.
Elbow Pad Sizing & Fit
Unlike other pieces of equipment like gloves and shin pads, elbow pads don’t really have a hard and fast rule for measurement – if it feels like a good fit to you, chances are it’s fine to wear. It’s not uncommon for jump from size to size when going from one brand to another, either. However, there are some important considerations when it comes to fit.
The ideal fit for an elbow pad is mobile yet secure. This means it should not feel restrictive when bending or extending your elbow, nor should it feel like it’s slipping off when you shake your arm around.
Additionally, there should be no gaps in protection where the elbow pad meets the cuff of your glove, or where the top flap meets the bicep guard of your shoulder pad (some shoulder pads can adjust here too). If there is unprotected space near the wrist, but the elbow pad seems to fit well otherwise, you can buy padded wrist guards to fill up this space.
How to Put on Elbow Pads
Some mistakes I often see among beginners are putting the elbow pads on the wrong arms (common) or upside down (less common). To prevent this, here are some pointers detailing the right orientation for your elbow pads, contrasted with some wrong ones.
The first thing you’ll notice are the protective flaps. Most elbow pads have two flaps – one to cover the forearm, and one for the lower bicep. The bicep guard is hinged so it can move with you as your elbow bends, and it’s connected to the main section at the back of the elbow. This hinged flap should be at the top of your arm.
Some cheap elbow pads don’t have much of a bicep guard. In this case, you can also look at the main shell piece to figure out which way is up. Looking lengthwise at the elbow pad, you will notice that the shell is longer and straighter going away from the elbow in one direction than it is in the other. This longer, straighter section will point down towards your wrist, while the shorter, curved section will point upwards.
Now we know which way is up, but how to tell left and right elbow pads apart? The rule of thumb is to always have more protection on the outside of your arm. Imagine crossing your arms while wearing your elbow pads – when doing this, you want the forearm guard to be facing away from your body. If there are two forearm flaps, the larger one should face out. Keeping the outsides of your arms covered will ensure you’re protected in your hockey stance.
Common personal preferences for Elbow Pads
Many elbow pads are designed to be secured to the arm using only the bottom strap(s). The strap near the bicep is intended to be much looser, as its only purpose is to stop the bicep guard from flopping around. Doing this strap up too tightly can result in reduced arm mobility and pinching when you bend your elbow.
Depending on the elbow pad, it is often possible to “set and forget” the straps. Once you have found a strap setting that works well for you, try simply sliding the pad on and off rather than undoing the velcro every time.
Recommendations When Buying Elbow Pads
As mentioned earlier, cheap foam-based elbow pads offer very little protection, so it is worthwhile to buy ones with a full plastic shell instead. Even some of the cheaper plastic-shell elbow pads don’t protect very well, so I would recommend spending some extra money here – especially if you’re relatively new to hockey. Sales notwithstanding, look for a minimum price of $30-40 if you’re on a tight budget, but for solid protection, go for something around $60-90.
Should I buy used Elbow Pads?
Used elbow pads are fine, as long as they’re in decent shape (straps & velcro are relatively fresh, and no damage to the shell).